The objective dissertation informs the reader about a subject. The essay-argumentative text, in turn, aims to convince the reader to accept the position of the author.
For some people, there are no differences between dissertation and argumentative-essay text. However, it is necessary to point out that there are some differences between these types of text, especially with regard to the author’s objectives with the writing of his text, such as informing, persuading, instructing, entertaining, selling, congratulating, warning, among many others .
We know that there are some types of texts, such as Narrative, Injunctive, Expository, Argumentative and Descriptive, which represent the structural basis of discursive genres such as Chronicles, Short Stories, Letters, Opinion Articles, Fables, Charges, Reports, Memo, Advertising etc.
Although the dissertation and the argumentative-essay text are similar and are transmitted in mass media, such as newspapers, magazines and books, we must be attentive to what differentiates them, especially with regard to the intended objectives (discursive intentionality) by the author of the text and the effects of meaning provoked in the reader.
As we have already mentioned, the dissertation is a type of text that represents the structural basis of several discursive genres that seek, among other objectives, to inform the reader about a certain subject. In the dissertation, rather than simply informing the reader about a subject, the author should present both positive and negative points on the subject so that the reader is able to know both sides of the subject and draw their own conclusions. Thus, in the dissertation, there is no personal opinion of the author on the subject, only information and elements that can help the reader to reflect critically and individually and formulate their own points of view.
Written in prose (structured by periods and paragraphs), the dissertation must be written in at least three paragraphs:
1º Paragraph – Introduction: Presentation of the topic about which the reader will be informed; reflection on the theme relating to a historical context and / or period;
2º Paragraph – Development: Selection of information regarding the theme;
3º Paragraph – Conclusion: Overview on the subject, as causes and consequences relations; completion of the information presented in the development.
The dissertation-argumentative text has many characteristics of the dissertation, especially with respect to the structure and some objectives. However, what most differentiates a dissertation-argumentative text from a dissertation is that the author of the argumentative text selects information, facts and opinions in defense of a central thesis and its points of view on the subject.
One of the essential characteristics of the argumentative-essay text is the presentation of a central thesis as soon as the text is introduced. This is because, rather than informing readers about a particular subject, the author of the text should state their views on the subject. The thesis can be constructed from relations of causes and consequences that involve the theme.
The author should also position himself on all the information, facts, data and research provided in the text. This means that the author should make a critical analysis of the arguments and state their points of view (negative or positive) in order to support their initial thesis and persuade the reader to follow his or her position on the subject.
All arguments in the text must be proven from truthful information: research, reports and mobilization of other voices of authority in the text to agree or refute their ideas, such as researchers, philosophers, scholars, sociologists, professionals of the area, etc.
Now that you already know the differences between the dissertation and the essay-argumentative text, how about reading more examples to then start your writing production? Good studies!